Blockchain developers are programmers who deal with the creation of blockchain applications. They manage the entire life cycle of a blockchain application, meaning they will be responsible for the research and execution of the application. They create the whole blockchain system architecture, compose smart contracts and optimize protocols.
Why become a blockchain developer?
Our world is changing at a rate comparable only to the times of the industrial revolution. In the 19th century, supporters of manual labor lost out to competitors who were not afraid to adopt the technology. Soon, assembly lines became the norm, automating production that humans had done by hand for thousands of years.
Today we see the same thing, only this time the human is replaced by artificial intelligence and blockchain technology. And it happens much faster and on a larger scale. The time will soon come when automated computer systems will replace most workers.
Computer skills, especially programming, will be critical to building a career in the coming years. Of course, there will be other career ladders, but computer experts will be helpful in most industries, which is obvious. Anyone lacking these skills will be in a losing position in the job market.
It is also worth noting how communication technology and the power of decentralization have helped many entrepreneurs worldwide create their businesses and make transactions without any unnecessary agreements. Before the Internet, this was hard to imagine. Over time, this becomes a trend.
In addition to the benefits listed above, there are others.
The use of blockchain technology nowadays is increasing in almost all areas of activity. A blockchain developer can be roughly compared to a website developer. Any organization – educational, financial, supply chain, entertainment, or media – needs its website, but its internal specialists often do not have the necessary competency. The situation with blockchain implementation is very similar. Applications of this technology can pay dividends in almost any industry, and at some point, any company will need a specialist or team of specialists to help implement the technology.
On LinkedIn and UpWork, the demand for jobs in one way or another related to cryptocurrencies has increased tremendously in recent years. These jobs are now more than ten times more likely to be sought after than in 2014. According to Computer World, the average salary for a blockchain developer in Silicon Valley is $158,000 annually.
The blockchain industry itself, according to experts, 2025 will have a capitalization of several hundred billion dollars. This is a rough assumption, given that we do not know how states and international institutions will behave regarding the blockchain. However, this technology will undoubtedly change many industries and business processes.
Don’t go into this space thinking that cryptocurrencies are the only application of blockchain that deserves attention. Do not discount decentralized applications and distributed accounting technologies. This area is so young that even the study of the fundamental principles of the protocol is not yet fully completed. We ignore the lion’s share of the technology’s potential by focusing on cryptocurrencies.
What can a blockchain developer do?
There are several development paths for a blockchain developer.
The core developers focus on the fundamental principles of technology and protocols – the core of the blockchain. Blockchain developers are working on software integration and decentralization. The difference may seem insignificant for someone not so deeply immersed in the topic, but this is a delusion.
We have already mentioned many opportunities to work on public and private blockchains. The former may seem more familiar: ICOs and public services are associated with them.
STEEM, ICON, and Ethereum are examples of public blockchains. Private blockchains are created for the needs of specific companies. For example, Barclays wants to provide itself with its blockchain and is engaged in several types of research in this area. The company’s specialists are experimenting a lot, trying to find out what will be most beneficial for the end user.
Specialization of the blockchain developers
A blockchain developer works with decentralized services and cryptographic tools and writes intelligent contracts based on the blockchain. There are several professions:
- development and control of smart contracts
- development of decentralized services
- development of server solutions and new networks using Blockchain protocols
Specialization depends on the developer’s skills, interests, and goals:
- Architect (Core Blockchain Developer) – builds architecture, selects system design methods, and creates consensus protocol designs.
- Software developer (Blockchain Software Developer) – uses the created architecture and protocols to develop specific software.
- Brilliant contract engineer – audits and develops smart contracts, helps to embed smart contracts into application and business logic.
- “White hacker” — analyzes business flows and security, identifies vulnerabilities in protocols and intelligent contracts, and conducts end-to-end testing of business processes.
Also, due to the industry’s novelty, each developer is still a bit of a business analyst since he has to interact with product owners or users of the system to draw up the correct task of the implemented blockchain solution.
Top 8 Skills for a Newcomer in the Field
Encryption is based heavily on number theory and abstract algebra. The same knowledge will be helpful in asymmetric cryptography (with a public key) for symmetric – a combination of probability theory and modular arithmetic. For cryptographic protocols, you will need – logical thinking and knowledge of the properties of primitives (low-level algorithms).
The developer must know at least one programming language. To become a blockchain developer, one language will not be enough. We will consider some of the most commonly used in this sphere:
- Java – Java is a universal and, as a result, popular programming language. Core team developers use them to build high-performance clients and tools in the corporate and financial sectors. IOTA, NEM, Hyperledger Fabric, and NEO are written on it. Java is relatively easy to learn, but the language allows you to develop many complex solutions. The popular NEM cryptocurrency is based on Java.
- C++ – C++ is a general-purpose, object-oriented language. It can be used to solve many blockchain-related problems. Satoshi Nakamoto used (this pseudonym maybe is a group of people) C ++ to create the core of Bitcoin, which can be considered one of the primary languages for blockchain development. C++ is also used by Ethereum, Ripple, Monero, EOS, Stellar, and QTUM platforms. Allows you to use ready-made libraries and cryptography at the most secure level. Provides performance, memory efficiency, and complete control.
- Python – Python is the second most popular programming language. Relatively easy to learn. It is recommended for blockchain to be used in IoT (Internet of Things). This language is universal, and various libraries allow you to use it to create an interface and for internal development.
- Go (GoLang) – Go (GoLang) is an open source, compiled C-based multi-threaded programming language developed by Google in an attempt to create a replacement for C/C++. Provides simultaneous operation of different processes. Fast, easy to maintain, and efficient. It is effective for distributed systems as it can simultaneously process multiple parts of the blockchain. They are used in Ethereum, Dero, Hyperledger Fabric, and GoChain.
- Rust – Rust is a multi-paradigm artificial language that provides performance and security, particularly concurrency security. Syntactically similar to C++ but with more stringent formal verifications and protection from being shot in the foot. It can be either a language for writing a blockchain node or a system client or a language for smart contracts (the long-awaited Cardano contracts).
Cryptography and Cryptonomics
Cryptography is the basis of blockchain projects. Provides encryption, message integrity, block ciphers, and hash functions. This also includes knowledge of RSA (Rivest – Shamir – Adleman) and ECDSA (elliptic curve cryptography).
In the field of blockchain, cryptography is applied in the form of protocols that do not allow unauthorized access to data. For example, public key encryption can provide the basis for crypto-based financial transactions.
Cryptonomics is the economics of a crypto company. There is no banking system and the Central Bank, which would explain where the sector is moving. Therefore, you will have to understand asset valuation, monetary policy, and game theory independently.
Smart contracts enable transactions for goods or services without the need for intermediaries. They are executed only if the parties comply with the terms of the contract. The effectiveness of smart contracts is primarily due to the decentralized nature of the blockchain.
Smart contracts are used in construction, law, and other sectors of the economy.
A blockchain network is made up of data structures, and in the most general sense, a block is also a data structure. It clusters transactions for a public ledger, a blockchain.
Data structures are essential to a blockchain developer because they help understand a block’s underlying functionality.
Architecture is the fundamental concept of the blockchain. The developer should be fluent in three types of it:
- The private blockchain architecture is suitable for use cases with a limited number of participants and is a popular choice for businesses.
- The architecture of the consortium is not entirely decentralized. The members of the group consisting of several organizations have full power here.
- The architecture of the public blockchain is characterized by a high level of decentralization, which allows you to participate in the network through transactions or mining. The most famous example of such an architecture is Bitcoin.
In most cases, a blockchain programmer will develop web applications. He will also need to learn web design and other tools to create quality dApps.
Customers demand blockchain developers to create applications that even people with minimal blockchain knowledge can easily use.
It is an established set of rules governing data transfer between different devices on the same network. They allow connected devices to communicate, regardless of internal processes, structure, and design differences. Understanding how distributed registries, peer-to-peer networks, topologies, and routing is essential.
Blockchain protocols allow network nodes to exchange information securely over the Internet. There are hundreds of protocols, so studying them will require considerable time. Here are the five main protocols that are relevant at the moment:
- Hyper ledger
- Enterprise Ethereum
How to get a job?
To begin with, you must be sure that you have mastered the basic set of skills. Regardless of the requirements for the developer, everyone should have a base.
Then two main paths open before you: as a developer or as a consultant.
Newcomers to the field are accepted quite quickly. Still, a developer with years of experience and experience in drafting smart contracts will no doubt be more welcome than a completely green youth. However, this should not scare off newbies: even the most seasoned programmers were once just as green. Learning and actual programming is the key to success.
Online recruitment platforms are seeing a marked increase in the demand for and supply of crypto-related jobs. More and more resumes of blockchain developers appear on LinkedIn and Upwork. Why don’t you add your own? In search of vacancies, you can go to AngelList or Blocktribe, where many requests for blockchain developers are posted. In addition, Ripple is currently looking for specialists.
Thanks to the solidarity of the developer community, you can gain experience as a volunteer. Many projects are happy with an extra pair of hands, as long as the right skill level is attached to them. Read about projects of interest on Reddit, Telegram, Slack, and Discord, and send tweets to team members. And, of course, do not forget to look at their sites: many post vacancies there.
As in any other field, networking is an integral part of career development in blockchain development. If you want to make a career as a blockchain developer, good networking can do some of the work for you. Adopt the experience of more advanced developers, listen to their advice, prove yourself a good specialist – and, perhaps, you will be invited to a new vacancy.
How much do blockchain developers earn on average?
The rapid growth in the number of projects requiring blockchain has created a shortage of personnel, which, in turn, has affected candidates’ salary expectations.
According to iTechArt experts, it is impossible to determine a single hourly rate for a blockchain developer – it all depends on the complexity and urgency of the project. Be that as it may, according to Glassdoor, you can roughly understand the market conditions at different ends of the globe. The median salary of specialists in the US is about $92,000 per year, in the UK – almost 51,000 pounds, and in Europe – about 49,000 euros, respectively.
Who is not suitable for the position of blockchain developer?
Those who decide to develop in this area must constantly face the requirements for new networks, protocols, and libraries. Projects come with varying complexity, from writing simple auxiliary smart contacts to implementing a full-fledged online exchange with cold wallets and virtual transactions. As in IT, you need to quickly adapt to tasks and not be afraid to parse new material.
It is worth considering a different path for those who do not like to experiment, look for mistakes, and quickly switch from one task to another. Success in the blockchain directly depends on whether the developer is ready to try something new and be an active member of the open source community.
You can also say that there are no juniors in this area: the blockchain does not tolerate those who do not have a fundamental knowledge of programming. In any company whose clients need a distributed database, a programmer will be considered for a project only if they have experience in commercial development, knowledge of essential certificates and blockchain standards, and confident knowledge of one or more programming languages.
Now is the time to plunge into the blockchain world and become a true insider. Every member of this young field is still learning the technology, and the chances of becoming one of the pioneers are pretty high.
Blockchain developers often solve complex problems related to applications and blockchains. The need for such specialists in the labor market is constantly growing, but it isn’t easy to acquire the necessary knowledge on your own. Confidently solving problems in the field of blockchain will also require practical skills, which it is almost impossible for a beginner to acquire without participating in real projects.
What is a blockchain?
Blockchain is a way of preserving information in a computer network, an ever-growing list of computer records called ” blocks’, interconnected and encoded cryptographically.
The blockchain database contains information about all transactions carried out by system participants. Data is stored as a chain of blocks. Each of them includes a certain number of transactions. An analogous example of its structure is an infinitely long metal chain in which links cannot be broken or swapped.
The concept of “blockchain” has no national origin; it has network “citizenship.” The term’s history began in 2008 when an anonymous person or a group of persons hiding under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto published an article that became the manifesto of this innovative technology. The article described its essential characteristics and the possibility of creating a decentralized system of monetary settlements.
Eight main trends in the blockchain development
Tighter regulation comes as governments, banks, and institutions join the race to bring blockchain into traditional infrastructures.
Many believe that increased regulation is a sure way to promote the mass adoption of cryptocurrencies. However, this could be a double-edged sword for some crypto projects already in the spotlight due to dubious support, such as Ripple (XRP) and Tether (USDT).
Stablecoins seem to be at the forefront of these conversations. Central banks around the world are showing increasing interest in creating blockchain-based central bank digital currencies (CBDCs). Many investors expect tighter restrictions in the crypto space to pave the way for institutional adoption.
Acceptance of cryptocurrencies by institutions
Many commercial and central banks, once called the “nemesis” of the cryptocurrency world, are turning to cryptocurrencies and blockchain to streamline their practices and keep pace with technological advances. Cross-border payments are painfully slow and expensive.
The coming months will see an increase in the institutional adoption of blockchain and cryptocurrencies by major payment processors, corporations, and governments. In addition, a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) can play a prominent role in facilitating decentralized governance for various applications.
Development of non-fungible tokens (Non-Fungible Tokens)
The NFT token protocol appeared on the Ethereum blockchain in 2017 – they contain unique metadata, which distinguishes them from other tickets. With their help, you can store more individualized information.
Use cases: government documents (from marriage certificates to driver’s licenses and property documents), luxury goods registers, tickets, and other digital goods.
The token will be a ticket, coupon, or collectible. It can represent an actual object: a cup of coffee or a piece of art. Non-fungible tokens will completely change the concept of the economy.
Tokenized shares are securities converted into digital security tokens using blockchain technology. The security token is backed by a real asset and tied to its value.
This is another example of linking tokens to objects from the real world. Infrastructure development will drive their popularity — extraordinary STO (security token offering) exchanges and wallets. The instrument itself will reduce liquidity in the stock market.
All illiquid assets will be split into fractions, tokenized, and placed on exchanges. This is how new liquidity will be formed: in the real estate market or, for example, in art. They will be traded 24/7, 365 days a year. Such infrastructure is already being developed in Malta and Switzerland.
Blockchain can be used for data protection, reducing fraud, waste, and abuse while increasing trust and accountability. In a blockchain-based government model, individuals, businesses, and government authorities share resources in a distributed ledger protected by cryptography. This framework eliminates a single point of failure and inherently protects sensitive citizen and government data.
Freedom of speech
Thanks to the blockchain, no statements can be unilaterally removed by corporations or governments.
We will move away from a hierarchical society toward network structures. These changes will have significant social implications: trust and decentralized control will become the new standards.
Blockchain and the Metaverse
The term that has become synonymous with blockchain is “metaverse.” The Metaverse is one of the biggest blockchain trends that has made headlines in recent months.
It is understood as a network of virtual worlds, the purpose of which is to promote the establishment of social connections using virtual reality, augmented reality, and Web3 technologies. The Metaverse uses blockchain to create an immutable record of transactions for digital assets.
In the metaverse, people use cryptocurrencies to purchase assets such as virtual land, resources, and tools in various game scenarios. In addition, these assets are “tokenized” on the blockchain as non-playable tokens (NFTs).
Easily accessible cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum are fungible. However, NFTs are often scarce or unique. This makes it possible to own virtual property in the metaverse.
The most popular blockchain platforms
On the fundament of blockchain platforms are developed blockchain-based applications. They may be permissioned or permissionless. These platforms provide different blockchain services. Ethereum, Hyperledger, R3, Ripple, and EOS are a few names that have created blockchain infrastructure to allow people to develop and host applications on the blockchain.
Ethereum is an open-source blockchain platform. Designed for intelligent contracts and provides programming tools for their creation. Introduced by Vitalik Buterin in 2013, this platform simplifies the development of next-generation decentralized applications (DApps) and online contractual agreements.
Ethereum allows the development and issuance of cryptocurrencies and existing digital tokens. Moreover, you can create your own DAO (Democratic Autonomous Organization), a virtual organization where various problems are solved by voting its members.
This platform offers valuable features, including Turing-complete languages, command-line tools (built on Go, C++, Python, Java, etc.), and an Ethereum wallet. The latter makes it possible for developers to store and protect crypto assets and simplifies the development of smart contracts.
BigChainDB is an open-source distributed ledger. It was created to store large amounts of data. The system allows developers to deploy proofs-of-concept and blockchain applications.
This database provides decentralized control, low latency, resiliency, powerful query functionality, and high transaction processing speed.
The system does not have its cryptocurrency but allows the issuance and transfer of assets, tokens, and cryptocurrencies. BigChainDB supports digital user assets and sets access rights at the transaction level.
BigChainDB is based on a federated consensus model, a federated node with the right to vote. Supporting public and private networks, BigChainDB has many uses, including intellectual property, labor, government, and land cadastre.
The Hyperledger Fabric blockchain is one of the most popular Hyperledger projects organized by the Linux Foundation and released in 2016. Hyperledger Fabric is written in Go and uses Docker containers to implement smart contracts.
The platform is the basis for creating blockchain-based solutions with a modular architecture and supports using one or more networks. The ability to provide high flexibility, reliability, and scalability makes Hyperledger Fabric suitable for developing enterprise-level solutions.
If we talk about its useful functions, it contains channels for exchanging confidential information and adheres to the policy of confirming transactions. In addition, transactions include signatures of all supporting participants and are forwarded to the service of the order. Hyperledger Fabric is one of the best platforms for creating public blockchains.
Hyperledger Cello is a blockchain platform and operating system; This is one of the Linux Foundation’s Hyperledger projects. Hyperledger Cello’s goal is to minimize the effort required to create and manage blockchains by delivering on-demand “as-a-service” deployment models in the blockchain ecosystem.
Hyperledger Cello allows developers to create a blockchain-as-a-service (BaaS) platform from scratch and manage the blockchain lifecycle. Moreover, Cello can support a range of networks over bare metal, virtual clouds, and clustered containers (Cello supports Docker, Swarm, and Kubernetes).
Hyperledger Sawtooth Lake
Hyperledger Sawtooth Lake is a blockchain platform representing an enterprise solution supporting public and private development. This platform makes it easy for software engineers to create, deploy, and run distributed registries and applications.
Sawtooth Lake is a set of modules written in Python and provides an abstraction of intelligent contracts, which allows developers to write contract logic in the language of their choice. Transactional business logic in Hyperledger Sawtooth is separated from the consensus layer.
The consensus mechanism is called Proof of Elapsed Time (PoET). It uses the reliable SGX computing module built into Intel processors of the latest generations.
There are many valuable ways to use Sawtooth Lake. For example, in the case of seafood procurement management, he solves such problems as improper food supply, illegal fishing, and seafood fraud.
Hyperledger Sawtooth can provide a secure infrastructure for creating and exchanging digital assets.
HydraChain is an open-source extension for the Ethereum blockchain platform. It offers support for the development and deployment of public distributed registries.
HydraChain is fully compatible with the Ethereum protocol and provides an infrastructure for creating Python intelligent contracts. Hydrachain has many tools to reduce development time and improve debugging.
HydraChain must provide a high level of customization: various aspects of the system can be easily adjusted according to the user’s needs. For example, when creating smart contracts, you can easily configure transaction fees, gas limits, and blocking time.
Corda is an open-source blockchain platform for creating public distributed ledgers. This project was created by the R3 consortium, which unites the largest banks and allows for to management of legal agreements between parties.
R3 Corda provides secure data storage and immutable data recording like other distributed registries. It is noteworthy that only Corda makes possible the development of interacting blockchain networks whose transactions are strictly private. It is probably the only distributed registry platform with a pluggable consensus.
Multichain is an open-source distributed ledger based on the Bitcoin Blockchain and created to process financial transactions with multiple cryptocurrencies.
This platform provides various levels of access control and permissions and enables rapid solutions deployment. In Multichain, virtual networks can simultaneously be located on one server.
As an open-source blockchain platform, Openchain was created to issue and manage digital assets in a reliable, secure, and scalable way. This technology includes intelligent contract modules, a unified API, and multiple control and access rights levels according to a hierarchical system of accounts.
In Openchain, each transaction is signed with a digital signature (as in Bitcoin), and the consensus mechanism is represented by Partitioned Consensus. It is worth noting that Open chain is a free platform, so you don’t have to spend cryptocurrency to use it.
Chain Core is an enterprise-level blockchain platform based on the Chain Protocol and created to issue, transfer and manage digital assets on public blockchain networks. In addition, the platform allows developers to make financial services from scratch.
In Chain Core, proprietary digital assets include currencies, securities, derivatives, gift cards, and loyalty points. The platform offers role-based network management. Chain Core has a federated consensus and supports smart contracts, transaction privacy, and multi-signature account support.
Influence of blockchain technology on the general state of the economy
Company «PwC» recently published an analysis according to which the application of blockchain technology already by 2030 will be able to provide colossal economic growth. The development will be provided at 1.7 trillion dollars, according to average estimates. «PwC» is an international network of companies worldwide that professionally includes auditing and consulting services.
Analysis of blockchain systems entered the category of studies directly related to the study of the influence of modern technologies on the state of the world economy. Representatives of the international organization believe that blockchain is helping in restructuring and “rebirth” organizations, an opportunity to work in a new way.
Having analyzed the system’s state, experts identified five of its main areas of use. They included:
- tracking and control of listed sums of money;
- execution of payments and provision of financial services;
- creation of contracts, regulation of conflict and disputes;
- working with clients;
- identification and management.
This report on system and blockchain trends 2022 suggests blockchain can be used in different industries, from fashion to heavy industry.
Today, experts consider the most favorable position of the blockchain in the fields of health protection, education, and management. PwC specialists believe these industries will become the most profitable in ten years and raise the economy’s overall level significantly.
Also, the report mentions that a favorable political environment is necessary to develop such systems fully. Without it, cooperation between states is impossible and, accordingly, the development of strategic goals to which they must strive. It is also worth mentioning the importance of the business ecosystem, which must be ready to use all new opportunities and learn to manage them.
What is Angular
Angular is a framework from Google for building client applications. First, it aims to develop SPA-solutions (Single Page Application). In this regard, Angular is the successor of another framework, AngularJS. At the same time, Angular is not a new version of AngularJS but a fundamentally new framework.
Angular provides functionality such as two-way binding that allows you to dynamically change data in one interface place when model data changes in another, templates, routing, and so on.
One of the main features of Angular is that it uses TypeScript as its programming language.
The Angular project was first introduced in 2009. Several versions have been released during this time, and a large community has gathered around the framework. The success of the framework was primarily determined by its creator, Google.
At that time, a Google employee named Miško Hevery was developing a side project. This side project was supposed to help make it easier to build web applications for a couple of internal projects he was working on. This side project later was known as AngularJS (Angular, because of the angular brackets ‹› in HTML).
Miško and a few others started building some more internal applications with AngularJS, eventually releasing it as an open source project in 2010.
A few years after its initial release, the web development landscape began to change, and AngularJS fell.
The Google team and community have taken what was once a small internal project and pushed it to new frontiers such as mobile and large enterprise applications. It was never intended or designed for these situations when Miško first created it.
When the core Google team was looking to release 2.0, they didn’t want to be tied to their previous AngularJS construct. They wanted to create a structure from the ground up to solve complex problems while building large and cross-platform applications. This meant a complete overwrite.
The teams hurried on and started building new Angular2.0 applications while it was still in beta. This version was subject to breaking changes.
In 2018 the Angular framework reached several significant releases to stabilize it. Each release provides improved build sizes, stable APIs, and better performance.
Finally, the team ended up redesigning Angular from the ground up to give us more than 1.x ever had. Angular provides solutions for every step of building an extensive application.
Up to now, there are 14 versions of Angular. Angular 14 was released on June 02, 2022. Each version is expected to be backward-compatible with the prior release. The Angular development team has promised to do twice-a-year upgrades.
At the same time, AngularJS is still maintained. The core team recently announced that they would release the latest version, 1.7, and move into long-term support.
How Angular differs from AngularJS
The structure of the Angular framework
Components are large building blocks of an application that do not depend on each other. For example, one component is the news feed, and the other is the site header. The application is built from them, as from blocks. Usually, each component is stored in a separate file. You can create your HTML template and CSS styles for it. They can be in the same file as the component, or they can be connected separately. A ready-made interface block is created with a structure, styles, and specific behavior logic.
These are also components of the application but are different. They manage the elements. If the part is an application area, then the module is responsible for managing it. All modules are the entry point to the application and the code for animation or navigation.
There is a central module in every project. Additional ones are added as needed and perform specific tasks. They are required in order not to overload the main module with unnecessary functionality and not make it too cumbersome.
Most Angular applications are form-based, that is, based on forms. A form is a structure in which the user enters some data and then sends it to the server. The block for writing a comment or for feedback is a form.
Angular makes working with forms easier: you don’t have to write them from scratch. Templates have already been created for them, which need to be adapted to a new task.
They are similar to components but more highly specialized. They can be defined at the module, element, or application levels. Services implement particular logic. They are connected to the application as a regular class and are used to store the application’s global state and as a data provider.
These are the parts of the application that change the structure or behavior of the page. Components are also directives. But besides them, there are two more types: structural orders and directions that change the appearance or behavior of elements. They must apply one action to all instances of one component – for example, changing the currency in all product cards.
Advantages of Angular
An abundance of opportunities
Angular helps to bind application components to each other, transfer data, animate interfaces, etc. Its functionality may be redundant for simple projects, but for complex SPA applications, it is indispensable.
The framework allows you to create not only web applications. With it, you can write code that can be adapted to another environment. For example, the application can run on a mobile or desktop operating system. With the help of Angular, you can even create an application for augmented reality.
Detailed style guide
A feature of Angular is detailed documentation. It contains recommendations for building and developing applications style guide – a guide to the programming style in Angular. This is convenient for developers who are new to the framework. The unity of class helps programmers better understand each other’s code.
Support from Google
The developers of Angular are Google employees, and the support of a large corporation helps the framework grow. At the same time, third-party developers can develop it thanks to a free license and open source code.
Disadvantages of Angular
Difficulty in learning
Lack of compatibility between old and new versions
Despite similar names, AngularJS and Angular are incompatible and fundamentally different. Therefore, developers facing legacy AngularJS code need to learn the basics of working with the legacy framework. The concepts and rules of the new Angular won’t work.
Why use Angular in web apps for your business
Today’s businesses have become more digital to accelerate growth. Every passing day creates different websites online, which increases the number of websites already operating on the web. With such extreme competition, the requirement of interactive and user-friendly web applications becomes very important to promote business success. Angular is the ideal industry-leading framework for producing scalable solutions that meet user requirements.
Code consistency and reusability
Code consistency is the foundation for a thriving, powerful development environment, as inconsistent coding increases the chances of delayed launches or high costs. Sequential coding has various advantages such as templates or predefined snippets, ease of use on sites, etc. With more reliable implementations, separate elements are replaceable, allowing for efficient code maintenance and updates. Angular has a component-based structure that makes components reusable and simplifies the development process.
Support from Google
Angular is a framework developed and maintained by Google. It is recognized as one of the most reliable frameworks by the application development team members. Google’s web toolkits allow developers to make a unique and user-friendly applications. Developers get a chance to join the large open source community and connect with experienced engineers to clarify their issues.
Angular supports the development of single-page applications. The main goal of single page app development is a faster transition to the website. The website will interact with the web browser by dynamically replacing the current web page with new data from the web server instead of the browser’s default system of loading completely new pages.
Difference between frameworks AngularJs and ReactJS
Advantages or Pros of Angular JS
- It has several new features, including enhanced RXJS, the latest HTTP client, and improved compilation (which happens in less than three seconds).
- Risk minimization – yes, you read that right! The two-way data binding feature provides exceptional application behavior, minimizing risk and fewer errors. This way, whenever there is a slight data change, the action is propagated, which means new updates are automatically synchronized across the data model and the model view.
- It is possible to introduce the dependency of functions related to components with modules and modularity in general terms. This is a built-in system dependency feature that is the best of the benefits that come with Angular JS.
- The MVVM model allows developers to work separately in the same sections of an application while implementing the same set of data functions.
- Anyone can join the application development process at any time, as new members are given enough time to learn and understand everything, thanks to detailed documentation offering vital information for individual developers – whether a developer leaves the team or a new person joins.
- The framework can run on any browser or platform, which supports cross-compatibility, regardless of device, OS, browser, or platform. Since it comes with built-in tools and functionality, there is consistency, and the components are flexible, solid, and reliable compared to other platforms.
- It is built on top of a component architecture that embeds deep binding into components. Each of these components contains elements with corresponding functionality. Also, you will find that the ingredients in these components are well encapsulated and loosely coupled. This characteristic helps make components reusable and also helps to improve their testability and support maintenance.
- One of the best parts about using Angular JS is how easy it is to develop and customize the Document Object Model (DOM).
- You can easily create powerful boilerplate solutions using the Angular libraries designed for this specific function.
- When you try to unit test in Angular JS, you need to inject dummy data into the controller, and that result can be accessed with its behavior in the view. Develop these pages separately, which can later be combined with components to see the result.
- Attractive data-binding UI combined with single routing is another significant benefit.
- It is required that developers make sure to synchronize data between the model, view, and component.
- The framework provides the ability to create reusable components using directives, as it has an extension for HTML syntax.
Disadvantages or Cons of Angular JS
- The first version of Angular has a complex syntax that makes it awkward to work with.
- There are migration issues that people claim to have encountered when migrating from one of the older versions to the latest.
- As we said, developers can quickly develop a custom DOM, but there is no guarantee of how well those DOM elements will work.
- Third-party integration is not an easy task for developers when working with Angular JS.
- The routing options can be smaller, and even the available resources are not suitable for routing.
- It cannot be easy to debug a framework at any time.
- Because it contains interactive embedded page elements, pages can be slow, again a disadvantage.
- It can take quite a long time to learn and understand Angular JS, especially for beginners.
Advantages or Pros of React JS
- You can use the virtual DOM, which is known to be able to organize XML, HTML, or XHTML documents as needed into a tree. This is the most preferred format by web browsers when parsing various web application components.
- There is no violation of parent data caused by child data due to downward data binding, which tends to affect frameworks.
- High level of flexibility.
- You can enjoy maximum responsiveness.
- Combined with ES6/7, it can take any amount of load.
- You can easily switch from one version to another without any complications.
- Because its architecture is entirely component-based, each of these components can be easily imported.
- You can reuse codes that were once written in React JS.
- The debugging process is much simpler and easier compared to other platforms.
- The user interface is quite simple.
- Updates don’t take too long and are made easier by frontend and server side support.
- With React JS, you can develop isomorphic or universal web applications that provide server-side rendering.
- The framework is compatible with iOS and Android platforms.
- Another fantastic fact about React JS is that it is view-centric.
Disadvantages or Cons of React JS
- It’s hard to think of React JS in terms of a framework because it’s more of a library than a framework.
- Each time, many updates are made to its docs, and new tools keep being released, making it more difficult for developers to work with codes.
- There is always a difference in architecture with new updates, which makes it challenging to manage.
- You can’t easily include React JS in MVC as you will always need to configure it.
You can compare all the features and disadvantages we have listed in this article to make it easier for you to understand which of the two frameworks, Angular JS vs. React JS, is better for your business or project needs. Think about what your project needs. What functions suit him. And then, based on your requirements, make the right choice, watching the result as the magic unfolds and how it helps you win customers.
IT Talent Shortage – a critical problem
The shortage of high-quality specialists in the field of information technologies has reached a critical level in just a few years. The search for IT personnel can be described as “they are hard to find, easy to lose, and impossible to replace.” Despite the profession’s growing popularity, there is a shortage of professionals in the market.
IT specialists are expensive and hard-to-replace personnel for the company, so employers need to attract the right specialist to the team and maintain his loyalty to the company.
IT specialists are wanted and are looked for everything — from retail, to large product IT companies, from small web studios to the public sector. And often the employers can’t find IT personnel. According to the American consulting company Frost & Sullivan, 62% of HR departments of large IT companies report a lack of specialists in one area of information security. “There is a shortage of more than three million employees in the field of cybersecurity in the world” – giants, including Cisco, Symantec, Cybersecurity Ventures, ISACA, and Intel, express concern (this is noted in the report Cybersecurity Ventures – Cybersecurity Jobs Report 2018−2021).
If taken on average, about 45% of companies worldwide experience a shortage of IT specialists. Currently, specialists in such areas as the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, big data, etc., are in demand. In addition, there is an extreme shortage of developers at all stages of product creation (full stack developer, frontend developer, backend developer, solution architect), and IT business analysts.
And this is not a temporary phenomenon. Yes, the transition of companies online has exacerbated the already high demand for programmers, information security specialists, analysts, and representatives of other fields. But there has been an IT personnel shortage for many years, which is still growing. This trend will continue for the next 3-5 years. For this time, the global deficit in IT can reach the level of 5-6 million specialists.
In the new decade, digitization is taking over industrial enterprises, and they need, or will soon need, IT teams to implement digital transformation projects and create applied services.
We add a shortage of personnel, not IT-specialized, but with a good knowledge of technologies and productions. For example, product managers with knowledge of IT and production processes (Product Managers) and engineers ready to take on large-scale industrial robotics projects (for example, an unmanned quarry).
But the problem is not only to find the right specialist – it is necessary to keep the ego. Since demand is high, competitors can lure employees. If it is a high-class specialist, then, as a rule, the financial factor will not play a serious role here. By default, it is assumed that the salary level is sufficiently high, regardless of the specific company. Therefore, it is essential to offer exciting tasks, create a favorable atmosphere in companies, give work social significance, and so on.
The same is essential not only for already established specialists but also for graduates. While the salary difference factor plays a more prominent role here, graduates also look at employers’ corporate values, reputation, and the leader’s personality. Employers need to be ready to offer a specialist something other than a high salary.
At the same time, the salary expectations of applicants in this area are increasing yearly. It isn’t easy to replace an IT specialist with unique knowledge of the company’s technologies. The salary of senior specialists is usually unlimited. It is assumed that specialists of this level have developed soft skills; they can combine a performer’s work with mentoring, architecture design, engage in code reviews and constantly improve systems performance.
According to a recent Gartner survey, a lack of IT talent is the main obstacle to adopting new technologies. This factor interferes with companies even more than the cost of implementing solutions and security risks.
Some measures for solving the problem of IT-specialists shortage
Material compensation is not the only thing that motivates an IT specialist to choose a particular employer. Moreover, just a high salary is no longer enough to attract specialists. Several factors influence their choice.
How companies can attract young professionals
Many employers, when looking for professionals in IT, note that there are very few intelligent specialists on the market. Therefore, some companies opt for young personnel who can become their loyal employees in the future.
According to the study results, the main requirement for the first job for IT specialists was the opportunity to practice and study a particular set of technologies and tools.
Requirements of experienced professionals: it’s not just about salary
The top three criteria for choosing a current job for the interviewed IT specialists are the level of wages, the technologies owned by the company, and the office’s location. The choice of an employee of the current place of work was also influenced by the convenience of the schedule, a competent leader, the ability to use a foreign language, career growth, the company’s product and projects, brand, and if their friends work for the same company.
Whatever is said, financial motivation is the factor of most significant importance. Most employees say that a salary increase can keep them in their current position when they receive an offer from another company. Promotion and the opportunity to implement your project will be why you stay in the company.
Inspire your team with exciting tasks and a clear career track
Tasks for the IT team should focus not only on technological support but also on improving the product’s business logic. Usually, IT professionals alike in their profession the type of activity, the ability to create products, participate in the development of the company and communicate with prominent professionals.
Another critical factor for IT specialists is the transparency of developments in the companies. Coming to a particular position, they must understand what tasks they must solve and when they will be able to take the next career step, which is necessary for this.
Invest in the professional growth of the team
Companies interested in attracting highly qualified IT personnel prioritize developing employees’ professional skills instead of expanding the company’s social package. Therefore, more and more employers are returning to KPI with monthly payments instead of daily breakfasts, which does not guarantee the stable desire of specialists to develop with the company. It is essential for specialists to exchange knowledge and skills and for companies to communicate with the IT community constantly.
Remote work format
Other things being equal, candidates prefer vacancies and companies where it is possible to work remotely or mix formats: work from the office or home. For employers, this expands the circle of potential candidates: choosing a specialist from another region or country is possible.
Social package and well-being programs
The social package includes compensation for paying for the Internet, arranging workplaces, technicians, co-working spaces, medical services, etc. These programs include a variety of options, from corporate psychotherapist and personal finance counseling to involvement in wellness and philanthropy. The IT specialists are engaged in intense mental work, and to avoid burnout, it is necessary to maintain a work-life balance. That’s why companies develop well-being programs, helping to build such a balance.
Training and education
Employees must be constantly trained and developed to maintain demand and professionalism. In addition, IT is a relatively young industry. And new generations of specialists have managed to absorb the concept of lifelong learning. Moreover, employees want to develop not only narrow professional skills (hard skills) but also “soft” ones (soft skills). Such as an example, how to work in a team or emotional intelligence.
Free corporate schools
Considering the fierce competition for qualified specialists, large companies are starting to prepare them themselves. For this, they create their sites with free training.
Work with universities
This is a standard tool for large employers, and now they are trying to deepen and develop the format, for example, by creating their departments on a university site.
To attract students for internships, companies give them actual work tasks. And after three or four months, they select the best and offer them a permanent job.
As part of such programs, an employee can recommend his friends, acquaintances, and former colleagues for a vacancy. If a candidate passes the probationary period, the recommender receives a reward.
Employees of companies are brand ambassadors. Recommending their acquaintances, they conduct preliminary work with candidates, increasing the chances of attracting a good specialist.
Outstaffing as a possible solution to IT specialists shortage
Outstaffing is the rental of a specialist working in a contractor company (outstaffer) to work on a project in a customer company. The specialist is part of the client’s team and other team members, and the management team regulates his work. At the same time, the client pays the contractor for outstaffing services under the contract, and he, in turn, pays the salary to the specialist.
How does the outstaffing of IT specialists works?
A customer company needs qualified IT specialists to complete the project. There is also a contractor company that hired such employees. She pays the last salary and makes tax deductions.
The customer company turns to the contractor with a request to provide a staff of IT specialists. An agreement is concluded, and the amount to be paid by the customer is indicated. At the same time, he does not need to register these employees in his staff, make a social package, or pay taxes. He uses the service provided by the contractor.
Some situations when the need for outstaffing of developers and other IT specialists arises is when professionals already working for the customer are on vacation, on a business trip, or sick leave. There is a need to urgently replace them with other specialists so that the pace of work on the project does not sag.
Advantages of outstaffing of IT specialists
- The personnel department of the customer company does not experience additional loads;
- In terms of tax expenses, it is possible to optimize payments (it will keep them at about the same level since the staff is not increasing);
- The cost of maintaining personnel is reduced (for the organization of the workplace, for the purchase of equipment and related items);
- All possible risks are minimized (hired specialists perform the assigned tasks with high quality and bring the project to completion);
- Fully delegated responsibility for the implementation of the project;
- Eliminates labor disputes – when an employee concludes an employment contract with an outstaffing company and not with a customer, this excludes the customer from participating in labor disputes that relate to this employee and liability for violation of the law to him;
- Simplifies HR management – the outstaffing company issues vacations and sick days. As a result, this reduces the burden on the client’s accounting department and eliminates the need to provide separate social guarantees. The outstaffer also maintains personnel records, administers business trips, draws up advance reports, and provides the necessary information to employees.
Disadvantages of outstaffing of IT specialists
- Financial losses due to cooperation with an unscrupulous agency – this can be avoided if the customer chooses a reliable contractor who has the legal rights to provide such services;
- Outstaffing can slow down job closures – not all new employees are ready to work on outstaff. This can slow down the employment of new employees in the company. Candidates with potential may “fall out of the race,” and the rate of vacancy closure may decrease.
Passion4tech as the right partner for outstaffing services
If you need a reliable and correct outstaffing IT company, can you find the right experts for your project in Passion4Tech? Our outstaffing services give you access to the best developers and IT experts with rich background and skills in the latest software technologies.
What we offer is not just cost optimization for your business. We are giving you access to some of the most qualified IT specialists and software developers who work to bring the highest possible value to your investment and projects. We work with a high level of expertise, rich technical background, motivation, and passion for making an impact on your business.
More information here: https://passion4.tech/outstaffing/
What are outsourcing and outstaffing
In the current economic realities, outstaffing is becoming increasingly popular, which many confuse with outsourcing. Of course, these concepts are similar in many ways, but some differences exist. So what are the main differences between outstaffing and outsourcing, and what is it all about?
Both of these processes are associated with the involvement of employees from outside. But the scheme of their interaction with the employer is different.
When outsourcing, the customer transfers some function to the contractor, for example, accounting, and receives only the final result. Employees work on the territory of the outsourcing company, and the customer does not control their current activities.
When outstaffing, employees are located on the customer’s territory and under his direct control. But legally, they are accepted into the staff of an outstaffer.
Functions performed by the involved employees in outsourcing and outstaffing
One of the main differences between these two processes is the specificity of the functions performed by the involved employees. If outsourcing conducts several fairly specific tasks that are not the main ones for the organization, then outstaffing is a slightly different situation. Engaged employees perform core functions and duties, i.e., carry out activities that are the company’s core.
In particular, outsourcing performs the following functions:
- Accounting services;
- Personnel issues;
- Maintenance at various levels;
- Transportation and other logistics;
- Minor building work.
Outstaffing is a broader range because it is characterized by removing employees from the state, although they continue to perform their professional duties.
Such cooperation schemes are typical for banking organizations, although they may also occur in other industries.
History of outsourcing
In the nineteenth century, the United Kingdom and several other European countries began to purchase services to hire security officers, domestic staff, accountants, and stenographers.
In the 20th century, outsourcing began to develop rapidly. One of the key figures can be called the company General Motors, which received a powerful impetus for development thanks to the attracted qualified personnel.
In the 1950s, the first highly specialized companies began to appear in the United States, which were engaged in searching and recruiting personnel in a specific field. For example, an IT outsourcing company or a company that hires accountants for small industries. Such services have become very popular because they have helped save the budget by not hiring full-time employees.
One of the areas of personnel policy that has become widespread in the field of labor relations is outstaffing. It represents the use of hired workers without staffing in the company. In this case, providing services to the customer enterprise is the provision at its disposal of a certain number of employees, whose role is to provide services or work specified in advance by the contract. Relations of a civil law nature do not directly arise between the hired personnel and the customer. Outstaffing is synonymous with categories such as agency work, rent, or personnel leasing. There are two varieties:
- Use of newly recruited employees.
- Involvement of the personnel, which is part of the enterprise, in new areas of activity.
The first type is that the enterprise receives at its disposal employees who are well aware of the necessary activities and can perform duties at the customer enterprise. This mechanism is used to reduce the tax burden and reduce their staff. An example of the savings that outstaffing provides is the complete abandonment of the personnel department since the task of selecting employees falls entirely on the shoulders of a third-party company. Outstaffing is the only effective way to organize the work of seasonal enterprises.
In the second variety, the provision of own personnel to other institutions is only a mechanism for optimizing activities. It is used within the divisions of significant holdings, where, if it is necessary to replace employees and optimize labor, the time and money spent on moving them between divisions would be unreasonable and inconvenient for both the employer and the employees themselves. Sometimes, outstaffing is used temporarily to reduce costs while retaining qualified personnel.
Despite the external similarity, outsourcing and outstaffing have several differences. The first term refers to the involvement of third-party specialists to perform services, and the second term refers to the transfer of employees under the management of another enterprise. Upon closer examination, the main difference lies in the words of work of the involved personnel. Outsourcing involves specialists’ temporary or periodic involvement to provide specific, strictly defined services.
Goals of outsourcing and outstaffing
When the maintenance of a highly qualified employee in an enterprise is unprofitable and inefficient, an outsourcing scheme is used. The amount of work required in this area does not cover the total working time of a specialist. And outsourcing provides adequate remuneration depending on the volume of consumed services.
Executing companies take care of the correct distribution of their employees’ time so that they can serve a large number of enterprises in the shortest possible time. The requirement for specialists to work in the outsourcing field is to find the right solutions to the tasks quickly.
When outstaffing, the main goal is the practical organization of the entire labor complex of the enterprise to achieve maximum cost savings. The lack of own staff of employees can help overcome the legal barriers that put forward the organizational forms of enterprises. Suppose an individual entrepreneur has a staff limit of 15 persons with a patent scheme of work and 100 for using a single tax. In that case, outstaffing will help him since, from the point of view of legislation, the number of employees will not increase when attracting outside personnel, while the size of the actual states may exceed such limits.
Outstaffing helps to avoid other issues related to the organization of labor, providing an opportunity to reduce the number of employees in the accounting and personnel departments. Contracting companies select candidates according to precise customer requirements and participate in employees’ work only from a legal point of view.
Outstaffing and outsourcing: main differences
What is the difference between the concepts of outsourcing and outstaffing? Most often, this is the management of personnel and legal issues, accounting, production of secondary and auxiliary products, and sales of goods.
Outstaffing – a form of employment in which personnel is employed by one organization but is provided “on temporary use” to another company. It is suitable for any sphere of economy, starting from production and ending with trade. The peculiarity of this personnel selection is that legal employees remain assigned to the outsourcing company. They are bound by a temporary contract with the customer company, according to which the company undertakes to pay the agreed amount after completing the work.
Outstaffing is often confused with outsourcing. However, these are entirely different services. They have legal and functional differences.
The primary meaning of outsourcing is to transfer parts of business processes to third-party companies, which is the main difference between outsourcing and outstaffing. But there are other differences. An employee of an outsourcing company, as a rule, receives a job, a salary, and several job instructions. In essence, he differs from a full-time employee only because he is hired for a short period. If an outsourcing company attracts a specialist, his schedule is usually not standardized, and he is only required to perform the assigned tasks.
Examples of using outsourcing and outstaffing
Both of these processes relate to the issue of hiring personnel from outside, but this is enough of a general characteristic. To differentiate between the two concepts, it is necessary to clearly understand their specifics, functions, and definition.
Outsourcing is a unique form of labor relations between a company and a provider organization specializing in providing certain services. The specificity lies in the fact that the company resorts to the help of external labor directly at the moment when it is essential.
For example, a company is engaged in producing some product, after which it prepares it for sales. Advertising services are needed to make the product known everywhere for the load to move.
Maintaining an advertising department from the moment the product is manufactured is not always practical and profitable, so the company resorts to the services of third-party help – an advertising agency.
The same practice occurs when a system administrator or programmer is involved. A company may not need it permanently because the need to install programs or software does not arise so often. The preferable option, in this case, seems to be attracting the programmer from the side, paying for his services based on the actual work performed.
As for outstaffing, there is a slightly different interaction scheme here. The company has its staff but outsources a specific part of it to other organizations-providers.
In outstaffing, employees continue to work at their workplaces, i.e., in the companies themselves, although officially they are listed in other organizations.
A company that includes such employees is called an outstaffer. There is also another cooperation scheme. An outstaffing company has at its disposal a staff of employees whose services may be required by other companies. These can be loaders, welders, bank employees, and other specialties.
An outstaffing contract is drawn up, based on which a company transfers to another organization the staff of its employees to perform profile tasks.
Outstaffing is the IT sphere.
All kinds of projects that require the improvement of platforms or the installation of fundamentally new software, related to the reconstruction of the engineering of some business processes, its qualitative reorganization, or planned expansion can’t go without IT specialists, especially when there are relatively limited time frames. But the project is coming to an end, and IT specialists in increased numbers are no longer needed. What to do? Give them another job? Dismiss?
And here comes one excellent and intelligent decision – ordering IT outstaffing. It means resolving all issues at a higher quality level, which is more profitable than ever in such situations.
When you open a company branch in a city far from you (and sometimes in another country), the first thing to do is to find good staff. But for this, at least you have to send a good personnel officer. The outstaffing system offers recruitment services in a remote location. The IT sector is a different sector of the company’s work. Any personnel policy should be built based on priorities and motivation for developing business ideas. IT is more of a secondary support structure. To order IT outstaffing, in this case, is to find an excellent alternative to a full-time employee.
IT outstaffing is an excellent decision when solving issues related to the expansion of business by small companies. This process can qualitatively deal with the needs of optimizing tax accounting in an enterprise. Its use is exceptionally acceptable when an increase in staff can entail significant financial losses in the “taxes” section.
Quite often, there are restrictions on the number of employees of the enterprise, even in reasonably large holding companies. In such cases, it is not possible to increase the number of staff. But the development and growth of key indicators of the entire business may well be facilitated by IT outstaffing.
When hiring an IT developer for a specific technical work, staffing guarantees a high level of employee qualification, time-tested and provided by the experience of one or another specialist. Ordering IT, outstaffing means significantly saving your time searching for an IT professional and saving your money related to various labor issues. You pay only for the work, and IT outstaffing solves all other tasks.
If you need a reliable and correct outstaffing IT company, can you find the right experts for your project in Passion4Tech? Our Outstaffing services give you access to the best developers and IT experts with rich background and skills in the latest software technologies. More information here: https://passion4.tech/outstaffing/
Every day, thousands of mobile apps appear on Google Play and the Apple App Store. Social networks, instant messengers, games, and many others – are all made by professionals using the same development algorithm. And today, we will break it down into understandable steps to show you the inner workings of mobile development. It includes six stages: idea formation, strategy development, design work, development itself, market-entry, and situation monitoring.
As trivial as it may sound, a good app starts with a good idea. If you do not have it, think about the problems in the world and possible ways to solve them. Iterate until you find a suitable gap in the market, and then look for the best way to fill it. This is half the battle.
The key to the answer may be understanding why this problem exists, and there is still no application to solve it. Dive into the topic, gather data, and discuss it with the team. And, if you have enough development resources, get down to business.
The customer, as a rule, has an idea for a product and a vision of what functions it contains, what tasks it solves and who will be in demand. However, this is not enough to get started; a comprehensive analysis of the potential of the application is needed, followed by the systematization of the data.
Primary information for idea formation:
- Segment the target audience;
- Identify popular models of user interaction with similar services;
- Study the competitiveness of the product;
- Formulate a unique selling proposition;
- Build hypotheses that explain the motives of the behavior of visitors;
- Form criteria for a minimum viable product.
Collecting and systematizing information that precedes the development process is a critical stage. High-quality product analytics greatly facilitates the product’s adaptation to the target audience’s needs, ultimately reducing the cost and time spent implementing a mobile application.
The next step after the birth of the idea is to draw up a plan for working on the project. It is easiest to start with a competitor analysis. Find similar mobile apps in the market and analyze the following factors:
- Several downloads – if the application is downloaded, someone needs it.
- Ratings and reviews will help to foresee weaknesses and adapt the characteristics that users like to fit your product.
Analysis of competitors
Be prepared to face the same challenges as your closest competitors. At the same time, try to understand how they won the audience’s recognition.
Thanks to the analysis of competitors, you kill two birds with one stone. First, learn from the mistakes of others, and for free, without spending too much time and feeling your inferiority. Secondly, you understand what you must do to survive in the mobile development market. What exactly does the user want to see on their smartphone? Is there a free niche for your application? The answers to these questions will help you balance your capabilities and the market’s needs. Well, if your idea is so unique that there are no similar applications in nature yet, see how pioneering developers from other fields presented themselves to the audience.
If you are not developing mobile applications solely for fun, then you are probably interested in getting a good profit from the product. In-app purchases, paying for a subscription or premium version, placing ads, and selling data- these monetization methods can be used even if you are not distributing the application for free. To choose the best option, look at your competitors’ earnings and decide when you will start monetizing. If you wake up too late, you risk falling into difficult times.
This stage of mobile development is connected with understanding any developer’s main challenge. You will have to promote your application to get people to know about it and start using it. Hundreds of high-quality mobile applications gather dust on virtual shelves because their developers did not have a marketing strategy or budget for their implementation. And only B2B applications made for internal use by customer company employees can do without it.
Product roadmap and MVP
The strategic planning phase concludes with a roadmap for your mobile app that captures its ideal path from the minimum viable product (MVP) to the top of the store. Please make a list of milestones and prioritize them according to your priorities. Consider the application’s functionality, the audience’s possible wishes, and the following updates from them. But you will think about them when you get feedback from the first users of MVP. For now, you can focus on other things.
The internal architecture depends on the functionality of the mobile application and the chosen method of processing and storing data. Usually, we make two lists – the characteristics that the application should have and the key visual elements. They become the foundation for all future architectural work.
Then we draw screens on a board or paper and place the necessary elements and data on them. Even though the same part can appear on multiple screens, it must have a “home.” At this stage, any changes can be made to the project.
They define how the user interacts with the application. Consider all the options of his behavior to understand how many touches he will need to complete a particular action, and the number of these touches should be proportional to the complexity of the action. If it turns out that the interface is not intuitive for the user, you have to return to the previous step and change the wireframes. At the same time, after any change, all user scripts are rechecked in case we, having simplified one action, have complicated another.
The easiest way to test how good is your design is to try it on future users. Send them a link after clicking on which they can “poke” the rendered wireframes. We are not talking about functionality, only about checking navigation. Listen to the comments, go back one or two or three steps, fix the problem, and test. Again and again.
Style guides are building materials for finishing the “interior” of a mobile application and increasing its usability. Without a well-thought-out style guide, design elements will change colors and float across the screen, confusing the user. The mobile app style guide should be as detailed as possible and based on the audience’s characteristics.
Rendering is the process of drawing wireframes digitally according to a style guide. The designer must adhere to the guidelines but not follow them blindly. Only in this way the visual component of the mobile application will look holistic.
Take the time to send your digitally rendered screens to the same users you sent the wireframes to. This is a tipping point, after which any changes become incredibly costly.
It’s time to involve developers who qualitatively implement a well-thought-out and repeatedly tested design. What can go wrong? For example, you ordered a plan from one company and development from another. Or they have an internal split. Therefore, we recommend working with a professional team that deals with mobile development from idea to result.
We recommend the company Passion4Tech for reliable and well-working web software and mobile apps. It takes full responsibility from planning to designing, testing, and deploying its products. Passion4Tech offers the fulfillment of all aspects of the web software and mobile app development process.
- Web Software Development
- Mobile App Development
- UX/UI & Graphic Design
- Dev Ops
- Quality Assurance & Testing
- Product and Project Integration Management
You can find more information here: https://passion4.tech/web-software-mobile-app-development/.
Let’s go back to the development of mobile apps. This process consists of several stages.
To plan a sprint, list tasks with specific criteria for evaluating the result. This will help developers estimate the time spent on each of them and evenly distribute responsibilities within the team.
Development of the app
At the development stage, the team brings to life the ideas of designers and their own. The QA team (quality control department) or the project manager checks the result. The latter also distributes tasks among the developers, ensuring that the team is evenly loaded throughout the sprint.
Developers must clearly understand the concept of the application and its distinctive features. Nothing motivates like ambitious goals, but one must not forget about reality in pursuing them. You may have to come to terms with the fact that some functions will remain unrealized.
Application developers should not test the application.
The type of testing is chosen based on the tested characteristic of the application:
- Functionality – must correspond to the declared. It’s good if the contractor has a QA team and a test plan with a list of all the features of the application and its desired behavior. But if there is none, you need to take care of it and hire specially trained specialists. Usability – the interface of a mobile application should be intuitive and friendly. Problems with these qualities will be best told to you by those who see the product for the first time.
- Performance – no one will use an application that loads the home screen for more than 10 seconds. And although performance is usually tested at a later stage of development, response time should be monitored now.
- Design – here, the designers will have to get back to work and ensure that the developers implement every detail of the visual style by the style guide. By the way, this is another good reason to work with companies engaged in development and design.
- Regression Testing – used to check the already tested code for errors fixed earlier or resulting from these corrections. Here the QA team comes to the rescue with checklists of changes made to the code in each sprint.
- Platform Testing – There are countless combinations of mobile devices and operating systems installed on them. See how the application works on smartphones with different screen sizes and resolutions and run it on various OS versions.
- User Acceptance Testing – Conducted by future application users and shows if the product is ready to market. Gather feedback and prepare to launch only if your app has passed all previous reviews with flying colors.
At the end of each sprint, discuss the results with stakeholders. Learn from the difficulties you have encountered and try to avoid them again. Mark successful solutions and use them in the future. There can’t be two similar projects, so developers are constantly upgrading their skills, including project planning skills.
Before presenting your mobile application to the world, take care of two things: a reliable API server and compliance with the rules of the Google Play Store and Apple App Store.
Most mobile applications need a backend server that communicates with them. If the server is overloaded or not responding, the application will not work. The good news is that thanks to cloud technologies, the server configuration can be changed depending on the size of the user base.
Publishing an app on the Google Play Store and Apple App Store is time-consuming. You will have to make sure that the application meets the requirements of the store, fill out several forms for each of them, prepare screenshots and marketing materials, write description text … and Apple will also carefully review the application itself for several days and may even require changes, but also refuse to publish because of the “meaninglessness” of the application. No, we do not exclude the possibility that the store will accept your application without any questions, and in a few days, it will be available for download. We warn of possible difficulties with a probability of 99%.
The development of a mobile application does not end with its publication in the stores. Even moderately popular apps have a history of updates behind them. There are plenty of reasons for bug fixes, performance improvements, and new features. Monitoring the following aspects will help you choose the right one for you.
There are quite a few libraries for tracking app crashes. They store information about what the user did during the boom, what device it happened on, and much more – in general, everything that will help developers solve the problem. In addition, the function of sending a crash report can be built into the application itself. You have to sort them.
Modern mobile application analytics systems collect information about the audience of your application (distribution of users by gender, age, location, language, etc.) and the characteristics of interaction with it (the time the application was entered, the time spent in the application, the number of screens viewed, etc. .). Some even create heat maps that show which buttons users click the most. Use this data as a guide for the future: invest in refining those areas where the concentration of audience actions is the highest.
The two previous methods cannot measure this indicator, but it is necessary to monitor it. How often this or that action happened and how long it lasted are questions that will help optimize the application. This is a red flag if the most straightforward action takes longer than expected.
Store ratings and reviews are critical, especially for new apps. Always respond to commenters: thanks for the kind words, and try to help those who have difficulties using your application.
The purpose of monitoring is to understand what to do next. Use statistics and feedback to identify shortages and remove them.
How to calculate the costs of custom software development?
General info & statistics
Custom software is a user-specific product that is designed to meet the needs of each business user and differs from standard off-the-shelf software such as Microsoft Office that serves a common purpose for all businesses. It’s development involves several steps such as requirements analysis, code development, software testing and finally deployment.
Benefits of custom software development
Individuality and efficiency
Special software developed from scratch for the needs of a particular business is unique and has nothing superfluous. It is adapted to existing business processes and allows you to quickly connect new ones. The interface is designed specifically for employees or clients of a particular customer. All this allows you to work in the system as efficiently as possible.
The Product Rights
After the implementation and testing of the IT tool is completed, the customer receives the source code of the software and exclusive rights to own it. This allows you to use the development for your own purposes, for example, to sell or rent.
The Free licensing
In the case of custom development, you do not need to pay for licenses. Any new features or users can be easily enabled at no additional cost.
The Easy growth
As businesses grow, there is often a need to scale software. Custom development makes it easy and simple.
The Ease of maintenance and modifications
Support or modification of a boxed solution is entirely up to the developer. With custom software, you won’t have to deal with bugs, system crashes, or outdated tools, as there will always be a dedicated team ready to help.
The Software vendor independence
A company that pays to develop custom software owns all intellectual property rights and source code. She can transfer work on the product to another contractor at any time.
Disadvantages of custom software development
Development from scratch requires a large budget, which varies depending on the specifics of the order and the set of functions.
The Project timeline
The project may take several months to complete. The situation can also be complicated by a long procedure for agreeing on the IT architecture and testing, but this guarantees the absence of any risks.
How is price determined and what does it depend on (software size, complexity, etc.)
How is price determined
First way – general assessment
For the beginning you can hold a face-to-face meeting in which all responsible persons, including customers, should discuss the purpose of the software and its main functions at a high level. Your team can then decipher those high-level customer requirements and break them down into core features.
The next step is to provide your client with an implementation plan to review. Once he/she agrees, you can break down the requirements into smaller milestones, each with a list of specific features and deadlines. After this detailed analysis, you can provide your client with a fixed time and cost estimate.
You must remember that you must make sure that your team meets deadlines and that the cost of software development does not exceed what you overestimated. In addition, you, as a customer, must track the stage of the project, know how this or that software product will be delivered, and what features it will have.
Second way – template for estimating the cost of software development
You will find it easier to refer to software development costing templates if you are not sure which cost factors to consider. There are four main cost components in software development projects – development, project management, quality assurance and design. Each of these is critical to the success of any software project, but they account for a different proportion of the total costs. Here is an approximate distribution of costs for these factors:
Total software development cost = 63% development + 15% project management + 15% quality assurance + 7% UI/UX design
Now you must remember that these simple estimates are not always correct for every project. The actual cost of a software development project can vary greatly from this cost sharing depending on the nature of each project and its specific requirements.
What does the price depend on (software size, complexity, etc.)
The Software size
Software size plays an important role in determining software development costs. This is usually the number of screens, pages, or modules that the software has. Typically, a small app has no more than 20 screens, a medium app has between 21 and 40 screens, and a large app has more than 40 screens.
There is no doubt that the process of optimizing and testing an application with about 40 screens and many complex features requires more time and effort than the processes of a small application. So the more screens/modules you want your software to have, the higher the cost you have to pay.
Complexity is one of the main factors determining the cost of a software product. It refers to the level of complexity of the software logic. Following are the three elements that make up the complex logic of the software.
Feature set complexity: The software requires a set of complex features driven by complex business rules.
Technological Complexity: Software is technologically complex and can be developed without the use of traditional technologies.
Design complexity: Software should have customizable fonts, icons, images, etc. However, do not miss the opportunity to design because UX/UI linearly affects the usability of your software product.
In fact, the higher the complexity of an application, the more difficult it will be to develop, test, and deploy.
Platforms Android / iOS / Blackberry
Software development costs may vary depending on software deployment platforms. Since each of the publishing platforms has a different number of devices on which the software product will be deployed, the costs that you must invest in each of them will also be different.
For example, the cost of developing an application that can run on Android, which is currently the most common platform, is higher than that of the iOS or Blackberry platforms. This is because your apps need to be compatible with different versions of the Android operating system and different screen resolutions.
The System integration
Data integration and migration requirements also drive software development costs. Nowadays, most applications have integration features to connect to third party systems including cards, ERP/CRM, payment gateway, etc. which are not always easy to develop. Consequently, software development costs may increase.
Likewise, some software products or applications require data transfer functionality to transfer information. Satisfying this requirement can take a lot of time and effort, especially if it involves integrating a large amount of existing data into a new system or making some significant adjustments.
The Development team
The cost of software development is also affected by the number of people working on your project. It is relatively easy to understand that the time and effort of every project manager, developer, UI/UX designer, and other contributors is worth money.
When it comes to the cost of software development, the type of team you have should also be considered. Regardless of which software development methods you choose: in-house, offshoring, or outsourcing, it will affect project costs. For example, outsourcing may be more expensive, but it ensures the quality of the software product.
Why your business should invest in custom software development: all the benefits
There are many reasons why your business should invest in software if you haven’t already.
The following are just some of the benefits you can get from using one of the best programs available on the internet:
√ Automation of everyday tasks
√ Improved work management
√ Simplified Decision Making
√ Enhanced performance
√ Enhanced data security
√ Increased sales potential
√ More reliable data
√ Best Customer Service
√ Acceleration of some processes (for example, hiring)
What software will a business owner need?
Depending on the size and goals of your company, you, as a business owner, may or may not require certain software.
However, the following tools are essential for any type of business:
√ Security Software: Protects servers, laptops, mobile devices, and networks from unauthorized access, viruses, intrusions, and more.
√ Project and Team Management Software: Allows you to plan, organize and manage all your projects and collaborate seamlessly with your team.
√ Accounting Software: Gives you the ability to manage and track all your financial transactions.
√ Payment Transaction Software: Allows you to easily and quickly request, receive and send money.
√ Sales, Marketing & PR Software: Tracks relationships with your customers throughout the sales funnel and gives you the tools to strengthen relationships with them and increase sales.
√ Connector Software: Allows you to centralize all your applications on one platform and create automated workflows with a few clicks.
√ Customer Service Software: Allows you to provide effective support to your customers through live chat, tickets, knowledge base, FAQ sections and more.
√ Document management software: allows you to easily collaborate with your employees and create, manage and edit all documents in real time.
√ Recruitment Software: Allows you to easily manage and automate some of the hiring process.
Nine best software for business owners
This section lists the best software solutions on the market. In particular, the list contains one of the best software tools available for each of the software categories mentioned above.
SEON is an anti-fraud software that protects your online business from scammers.
As fraudsters constantly change their attack methods, this AI-powered software provides intelligent anti-fraud protection tailored to your business.
It flags VPNs, TOR users, and dangerous locations and analyzes IP addresses to see where users are actually logging in from in seconds.
In addition, it checks cross-domain links and analyzes social media profiles to identify fake users.
Its Sense platform also recognizes device IDs, virtual machines, and web browsers to verify user identities.
SLite software allows you to create a company wiki and makes it easier and faster to communicate and collaborate with your remote team.
Using this software, you will have no trouble importing, organizing and finding all your documents. All teammates can access them and submit their first ideas, get feedback, plan or write final documentation.
With its drag and drop editor, you can create tables, galleries, add mentions, embed files from external sites (like Google Drive) and code snippets, and sketch website maps.
You don’t have to start from scratch as Slite provides you with ready made templates.
It also has an app version, so you can access your team’s work from any device, wherever you are.
Quickbooks is an easy-to-use online accounting software that tracks expenses and prepares your business for taxes.
It streamlines all your financial information, eliminates manual data entry, and automates tasks such as bookkeeping, invoicing, time tracking, sales tax management, budgeting, and inventory management.
It simplifies bookkeeping by providing up-to-the-minute cash flow information and generating income statements or balance sheets instantly with a few clicks.
The software allows you to set up accounting with integrated tools such as inventory management, time tracking, and cloud payroll.
Square is a payment software that allows you to send, request and receive financial transactions. In addition, it allows you to manage and pay your team (salaries, benefits, permits, timesheets, etc.).
Its dashboard makes it easy to manage all transactions from one place, whether you’re online, in a store, or both.
Square has a feature that allows you to keep track of all your sales, which can also be useful for spotting trends.
You can also connect your Square account to third party apps like Mailchimp, Fomo, Poptin, and more.
Hubspot Software includes all the tools you need for marketing, sales and content management.
With its marketing software, you can increase traffic, convert more visitors, and run massive full scale inbound marketing campaigns.
Some of its features include:
Social Network Management
Advertising on Facebook, Instagram, Google and LinkedIn
Traffic and conversion analytics
Using this software, you can put all your marketing tools and data on one easy-to-use platform, saving you time.
In addition, Hubspot has many third-party integrations to extend its functionality, such as Gmail, Google Calendar, Databox, and more.
Zapier Software brings all your apps together on one platform to automate your day to day workflows.
It allows you to sync over 3,000 apps such as Trello, Slack, Flodesk, Klaviyo and many more.
Using its easy-to-use and user-friendly editor, you can easily create workflows without the involvement of a developer. Plus, you get access to thousands of pre-built workflow templates that you can start using right away.
With its automated system, you can save time and increase the productivity of your online business.
In addition, Zapier can automatically track all your data and organize it in one place.
HelpScout customer service software, you can support your customers in a flexible and scalable way.
It allows you to create, manage and organize:
With HelpScout, you can organize all your support requests in one place to make collaboration easier. You can also use features such as automated workflows, collision detection, and saved responses to help customers efficiently.
Live chat. You can embed chat on your website to answer questions and resolve issues in real time.
Knowledge base. With the Beacon tool, you can create informative articles that you can post directly on your website to help your customers.
This software helpdesk meditation also allows you to integrate over 50 applications that will make your daily workflow more efficient and familiar.
It also gives you detailed reports on your team’s volumes broken down by channel, busiest hours, and trending topics among your clients. You can sort all this data with advanced filters and export it.
Google Workspace is a document management solution designed for productivity and collaboration.
Google Workspace provides customizable email for your business and includes several collaboration tools such as Drives, Appointments, Calendar, Sheets, Sites and many more.
With it, you and your team can simultaneously work on the same documents, make and review edits, communicate via the built-in chat and leave comments.
Every time you change a file, it is saved automatically and you can view the version history to see who made the change.
In addition, you can access shared calendars and see when your employees are available for meetings and video conferences, as well as send automatic email invitations.
Fresh Team is a HR software that allows you to handle recruiting, onboarding and employee information in one place.
It reduces your recruiting workload by automating routine tasks, storing employee data securely, and tracking rest times.
From its dashboard, you can post your job listings to different job boards and see the data they posted and the candidates who applied.
With a few clicks, you can make all hiring considerations and send documents to sign, forms to fill out, and files to distribute to successful candidates.
It also provides you with useful HR information such as hiring times, candidate pipeline, employee turnover, retention, and more.